Surrounded between Aravalli hills and besieged walls, Jaipur is one of the most beautiful cities in India. Popularly known as the Pink City of India, Jaipur is one of the favourite tourist destinations. There are several places in our royal city such as Hawa Mahal, Jal Mahal, Jantar Mantar, Nahargarh Fort, Jaigarh Fort, Albert Museum, and the City Palace that confounds. In addition, each place has its legends and stories.
Here we share intriguing facts about Jaipur that will leave you amazed and give you ample reasons to be a proud resident of the Pink City of India.
Interesting Facts About Jaipur That Will Leave You Amazed
- Story Behind The Jaipur’s Second Name ‘The Pink City’ – We all are well aware that Jaipur is famous as ‘ The Pink City’ worldwide but not everyone knows why? In 1876 The Prince of Wales, along with Queen Victoria, visited India. As pink is the color of hospitality, Jaipur’s then Maharaj, Maharaja Ram Singh, got the whole city painted pink to welcome the guests. Pink is a vibrant and joyful colour that holds a romantic charm and captivates every heart. In addition, at that time, most of the buildings and monuments in Jaipur were built up of pink terracotta stone. Even today, it is a law to follow the old tradition of painting houses pink in the walled city of Jaipur.
- The First Planned City Of India: It is Jaipur and not Chandigarh to be the first planned city of India. Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II founded Jaipur on November 18, 1727. Whereas the city Chandigarh was built in the 20th century much later. Due to the growing scarcity of water and increasing population, Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh felt the need to shift his capital from Amer to Jaipur. He hired leading architects in planning the city of Jaipur close to Amer. The construction of Jaipur city started in the year 1726. It took about four years to build our spectacular city with architectural layout design and meticulous planning. Jaipur city is planned according to the laws of ancient Indian Science of Shilpa Shastra and Vastu Shastra and was a fully developed and the only planned city of its time.
- Jantar Mantar Is One Of The Two UNESCO World Heritage Sites In Jaipur – Jantar Mantar is an architectural wonder of the world. The Rajput king Sawai Jai Singh II, who had a keen interest in learning about the sky, built it. It is a collection of architectural astronomical instruments made to observe the solar system’s position with naked eyes.
- You Can Never Get Lost In The Jaipur City – The wall that is 6 m in height and 3 m in width with eight gates in four directions surrounds the old Jaipur, which is the pink city area. Anyone who wants to enter or leave old Jaipur has to pass through these gates. Inside the walls and the gates, the Pink City is planned in 3 into 3 grid systems. All small lanes finally merge to the main road. This unique system makes it easy for the locals to travel, and you can’t get lost in the pink city area of Jaipur.
- The Famous Hawa Mahal Is Built Without Foundation – Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh built Hawa Mahal in 1799. It is a 5-story building with 953 beautifully carved windows to allow the breeze to flow throughout the palace. It is said that Hawa Mahal was built so that the royal ladies could enjoy the sight of ‘Teej Mata ki Sawari’ conducted every year in Jaipur during the monsoons. In addition, it served the purpose of letting royal ladies, observe everyday street life. Hawa Mahal stands on the edge of City Palace Jaipur and extends to the women’s or Zenana chamber of city palace. The Amazing fact about Hawa Mahal is that it is built without foundation.
- Part of Golden Tourism Triangle – Jaipur, Delhi, and Agra forms a triangle and are the most visited places in India. Jaipur is one of the city of this golden tourism triangle with royal aura.
- Has Biggest Circular Park in Asia – Jawahar Circle developed on the highway traffic circle in Jaipur claims to be the biggest circular park in Asia. The circumference of Jawahar Circle is 1420, and its diameter is 452 meters.
- Biggest Market of Emerald: Since ancient times, Jaipur is a prominent center of the gemstone industry. Jaipur kings extensively used gemstones, especially emeralds, in their thrones and attire. Even today, Jaipur is the hub of gemstone manufacturing, cutting trading, and jewelry.
- The Albert Museum of Jaipur has a Real Egyptian Mummy – Museum of Jaipur has a real mummy of a teenage girl named Tutu. The mummy is 2500 years old.
- Every Year Jaipur Hosts World’s Largest Literary Festival – The first Literary Festival in Jaipur was held in 2006. Since then, every year, Jaipur has held the largest and free Literary Festival. The festival attracts poets, novelists, literary giants from all over the world.
Jaipurites must know the history and legends of their city as nothing fascinates more than telling people from across the world stories of your town and enjoy the listener’s expression.